- 1927-01-01 - 1933-01-01 (Creation)
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The history of policing in Western Australia began with the founding of the colony in 1829 when Governor Stirling appointed a few part-time constables to maintain public order in Perth and Fremantle. A troop of Mounted Police was formed in 1834 and other types of police were added as the needs of the colony changed, particularly after the introduction of convicts. The colony's Legislative Council passed a Police Ordinance in 1849 that outlined police powers and responsibilities. An organised Police Force did not as yet exist. The force was formally established in 1853, when a Chief of Police was appointed and a Code of Rules published outlining an administrative structure.
In 1861, a second and expanded Police Ordinance was passed to clarify the chain of command, the powers and responsibilities of members and the various offences they had to deal with. In that year, the force consisted of about 75 commissioned officers and men. The extent of police jurisdiction expanded with the State, and by the time the Police Act of 1892 - still largely in force - was passed, the number of members had increased three-fold. Until the era of Commissioner Robert Connell, who took rein in 1912, the management of the police was largely in the hands of colonial gentry, former military men and public servants.
To preserve the peace within the community of Western Australia.
To protect life and property;
To prevent crime or detect and prosecute offenders against those laws which confer duties, powers or authority upon members of the Western Australia Police Force.
The Western Australia Police Department changed its name to that of Western Australian Police Service in May 1995.
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Scope and content
This catalogue of exhibits of the WA Police Museum includes items used in cases tried before the Supreme Court, weapons of the Old Convict Guard, items collected by police, Aboriginal artefacts, Chinese artefacts (including exhibits taken during various raids on opium dens), occurrence books (which have subsequently been transferred to the State Records Office).
The exhibits were catalogued in 1927 and again in this volume in 1933, but they date from 1850-1935. The items listed were assembled by the WA Police Department for the WA Police Museum and were transferred to the WA Museum in the 1970's.