AU WA A25 - CENTRAL BOARD OF EDUCATION

Identity area

Type of entity

Corporate body

Legal Status Text

Statutory Authority

Authorized form of name

CENTRAL BOARD OF EDUCATION

Other form(s) of name

Description identifier

AU WA A25

Description area

Dates of existence

1871-08-18 - 1893-10-12

History

The Elementary Education Act of 1871 abolished the General Board of Education and replaced it with a body known as the Central Board of Education. The Board consisted of the Colonial Secretary (who acted as chairman) and four laymen appointed by the government for three year terms. To preclude sectarianism, no two appointees could be of the same religious denomination. The Central Board was responsible for secular instruction in all schools receiving government aid. To this end, the Board was empowered to make by-laws and regulations, to distribute funds and endowments, to establish curricula and prescribe textbooks, and to set teachers' salaries and pupils' fees.

The 1871 Act defined two classes of schools: non-denominational "Government Schools" and "Assisted Schools". The latter, which were Roman Catholic foundations, were eligible to receive roughly half the grant applicable to Government schools. Despite opposition from the Roman Catholic hierarchy, grants-in-aid to Assisted schools were discontinued in 1895. The Elementary Education Act authorized the formation of district school boards, which were subordinate to the Central Board of Education. The district boards consisted of five members elected by local rate-payers for three year terms. District boards were responsible for the general supervision of all schools within their districts, for the appointment of teachers, and for the attendance of school-age children. However, enforcement of attendance proved difficult, as did the system of appointing staff at the local level, and in 1894 these duties were transferred to the central authority. Thereafter, the power of the district boards declined steadily. In 1922 they were replaced by Parents' and Citizens' Associations - fund-raising bodies which did not have any significant administrative responsibilities.

The advent of responsible government in 1890, coupled with the discovery of gold and the dramatic growth in population, imposed considerable demands on the educational structure of the colony - demands which were not easily met by the amateur, part-time Central Board of Education. The Forrest government was also committed to a highly centralized education system. Accordingly, by an amendment to the Act in 1893, the Board was abolished and a Minister for Education appointed, having all the powers and duties previously vested in the Board. With the creation of this portfolio, the Education Department came into being.

Places

Functions, occupations and activities

Mandates/sources of authority

Creation: Elementary Education Act, 1871 (No. 14 of 1871)
Abolition: Elementary Education Act Amendment Act 1893, 57 Vict. No 16

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

Relationships area

Related entity

AU WA A1203 - DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING (2003-02-03 -)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A1203

Category of the relationship

Succeeding

Dates of the relationship

1871-08-18 - 1893-10-12

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A12 - EDUCATION DEPARTMENT (1893-10-13 - 1988-07-01)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A12

Category of the relationship

Succeeding

Dates of the relationship

1871-08-18 - 1893-10-12

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A13 - MINISTRY OF EDUCATION (1988-07-01 - 1994-01-01)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A13

Category of the relationship

Succeeding

Dates of the relationship

1871-01-01 - 1983-01-01

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A725 - EDUCATION DEPARTMENT OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA (1994-01-01 - 2003-02-03)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A725

Category of the relationship

Succeeding

Dates of the relationship

1871-01-01 - 1893-12-31

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A24 - GENERAL BOARD OF EDUCATION (1847-08-31 - 1871-08-17)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A24

Category of the relationship

Preceding

Dates of the relationship

1847-08-31 - 1871-08-17

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A13 - MINISTRY OF EDUCATION (1988-07-01 - 1994-01-01)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A13

Category of the relationship

Succeeding

Dates of the relationship

1988-01-01 - 1899-12-30

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A12 - EDUCATION DEPARTMENT (1893-10-13 - 1988-07-01)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A12

Category of the relationship

Succeeding

Dates of the relationship

1893-10-13 - 1988-01-01

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A24 - GENERAL BOARD OF EDUCATION (1847-08-31 - 1871-08-17)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A24

Category of the relationship

Preceding

Dates of the relationship

1871-08-18 - 1893-10-12

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A992 - BEACONSFIELD PRIMARY SCHOOL (1890-10-01 -)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A992

Category of the relationship

Superior

Dates of the relationship

1890-10-01 - 1893-10-12

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A1062 - QUINDANNING PRIMARY SCHOOL (1883-01-01 -)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A1062

Category of the relationship

Superior

Dates of the relationship

1883-01-01 - 1893-10-12

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A286 - DANDARAGAN PRIMARY SCHOOL (1883-01-01 -)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A286

Category of the relationship

Superior

Dates of the relationship

1883-01-01 - 1893-10-13

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A243 - DARDANUP PRIMARY SCHOOL (1880-02-01 -)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A243

Category of the relationship

Superior

Dates of the relationship

1880-01-01 - 1893-01-01

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A1580 - PINJARRA DISTRICT BOARD OF EDUCATION (1874-11-07 - 1922-12-31)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A1580

Category of the relationship

Superior

Dates of the relationship

1874-11-07 - 1893-10-12

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A1425 - MANDURAH PRIMARY SCHOOL (1872-01-01 -)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A1425

Category of the relationship

Superior

Dates of the relationship

1871-08-18 - 1893-10-12

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A1602 - YORK GIRLS' SCHOOL (1872-01-01 -)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A1602

Category of the relationship

Superior

Dates of the relationship

1871-08-18 - 1893-10-12

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A1290 - BUSSELTON PRIMARY SCHOOL (1848-02-01 -)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A1290

Category of the relationship

Superior

Dates of the relationship

1871-08-17 - 1893-10-12

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A396 - VASSE DISTRICT BOARD OF EDUCATION (1871-11-07 - 1922-01-01)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A396

Category of the relationship

Superior

Dates of the relationship

1871-01-01 - 1893-01-01

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A397 - IRWIN DISTRICT BOARD OF EDUCATION (1871-11-16 - 1922-01-01)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A397

Category of the relationship

Superior

Dates of the relationship

1871-01-01 - 1893-01-01

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A569 - FREMANTLE BOYS SCHOOL (1848-01-01 - 1955-12-31)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A569

Category of the relationship

Superior

Dates of the relationship

1871-01-01 - 1893-12-31

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A575 - ALBANY DISTRICT BOARD OF EDUCATION (1871-01-01 - 1922-12-31)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A575

Category of the relationship

Superior

Dates of the relationship

1871-01-01 - 1893-12-31

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A1497 - NORTHAM PRIMARY SCHOOL (1882-01-01 -)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A1497

Category of the relationship

Superior

Dates of the relationship

-

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A1506 - PICTON PRIMARY SCHOOL (1861-01-01 -)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A1506

Category of the relationship

Superior

Dates of the relationship

-

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A1538 - WANDERING PRIMARY SCHOOL (1869-01-01 -)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A1538

Category of the relationship

Superior

Dates of the relationship

-

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A1538 - WANDERING PRIMARY SCHOOL (1869-01-01 -)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A1538

Category of the relationship

Superior

Dates of the relationship

-

Description of relationship

Related function

Related unit of description

Series S896 - RESERVES - DESCRIPTION OF BOUNDARIES

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1890-01-01 - 1893-12-31

Related unit of description

Series S696 - INDEXES - SUBJECT

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1892-01-01 - 1893-01-01

Related unit of description

Series S4087 - RECORD OF SERVICE REGISTERS - TEACHING STAFF

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1892-01-01 - 1893-10-12

Related unit of description

Series S4089 - INDEX - RECORD OF SERVICE REGISTERS - TEACHING AND NON-TEACHING STAFF

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1892-01-01 - 1893-10-12

Related unit of description

Series S582 - MINUTES

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1871-01-01 - 1893-10-01

Control area

Rules and/or conventions used

Status

Final

Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Sources

Archivist's notes

References: D Mossenson, State Education in Western Australia, 1892-1960 (1962) [Q379.9MOS] W D Neal, ed, Education in Western Australia (1979) [370.9941EDU].