State Records Office of WA SROWA

Government of Western Australia, Department for Culture and the Arts.

AU WA A660 - FREMANTLE ASYLUM

Identity area

Type of entity

Corporate body

Legal Status Text

Hospital

Authorized form of name

FREMANTLE ASYLUM

Other form(s) of name

Description identifier

AU WA A660

Description area

Dates of existence

1865-07-01 - 1909-12-31

History

The first mentally ill patients in Western Australia were cared for in temporary accommodation, including the wreck of the Marquis of Anglesey, the Fremantle Round House and in the Colonial Hospital. When convict transportation began in 1850, the numbers of people with mental illnesses in the colony began to increase. Official care began with the transfer of ten convicts from Fremantle Gaol to a new asylum located in Scots warehouse in November 1857.

Fremantle Asylum was completed and occupied in July 1865 and accommodated a wide range of patients. Initially most were male convicts, but gradually more patients were admitted from the civilian population. Common causes of admission were sunstroke, sexually transmitted diseases, alcoholism, delirium and diseases of old age. Patients could be admitted from anywhere in the colony. After proclamation of the Lunacy Act 1871, patients could be admitted by certification.

The Asylum was under the direction of a Surgeon Superintendent, and was administered jointly by the Imperial and colonial governments until 1886 when control was transferred to the colonial government. After the 1890's gold rushes, the Asylum became drastically overcrowded, forcing a reorganisation of facilities (including the purchase of Whitby Falls as an asylum farm in 1897) and plans for a much larger institution. Fremantle Lunatic Asylum was no longer used after 1909 once all patients had been transferred to the new Claremont Hospital for the Insane.

Places

Functions, occupations and activities

Mandates/sources of authority

Creation: Lunacy Act 1871

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

Relationships area

Related entity

AU WA A543 - CLAREMONT MENTAL HOSPITAL (1903-08-01 - 1972)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A543

Category of the relationship

Succeeding

Dates of the relationship

-

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A103 - COLONIAL SECRETARY'S OFFICE (1828-12-30 - 1924-04-16)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A103

Category of the relationship

Superior

Dates of the relationship

- 1909-12-31

Description of relationship

Related function

Related unit of description

Series S4507 - REGISTERS - PATIENT ADMISSIONS, DISCHARGES AND DEATHS

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1857-11-05 - 1909-07-15

Related unit of description

Series S2216 - OCCURRENCE BOOKS

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

- 1903-01-01

Related unit of description

Series S2217 - DAILY JOURNALS - MALE

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

-

Related unit of description

Series S2218 - DAILY JOURNALS - MEDICAL

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

- 1903-08-31

Related unit of description

Series S2219 - CASE BOOKS

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

- 1903-08-31

Related unit of description

Series S2220 - ATTENDANTS' REPORT BOOKS

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1901-01-01 - 1903-08-31

Related unit of description

Series S1344 - DAY BOOKs - FREMANTLE ASYLUM - MALE AND FEMALE.

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1899-12-30 - 1906-12-31

Related unit of description

Series S4850 - RECORDS - VARIOUS (Draft)

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

Related unit of description

Series S4882 - INDEX TO CASE BOOKS

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

Related unit of description

Series S4867 - VARIOUS RECORDS - MENTAL HEALTH HOSPITALS

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

Control area

Rules and/or conventions used

Status

Final

Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Sources

Archivist's notes

AN Cross Reference = 200