AU WA A24 - GENERAL BOARD OF EDUCATION

Identity area

Type of entity

Corporate body

Legal Status Text

Statutory Authority

Authorized form of name

GENERAL BOARD OF EDUCATION

Other form(s) of name

Description identifier

AU WA A24

Description area

Dates of existence

1847-08-31 - 1871-08-17

History

A small population, economic uncertainties, and denominational rivalries militated against the development of a comprehensive education system in Western Australia during the early years of the colony. Some progress was made, however, after 1847 when (at the urging of the Colonial Administrator, F C Irwin) the Legislative Council appointed an Education Committee. The Committee - known after 1849 as the General Board of Education - established a secular Girls' School and a Boys' School in Perth, opened government assisted schools in rural districts, and provided subsidies to Roman Catholic schools in the colony. The low fee structure and the egalitarian character of the schools were popular with colonists. Governor Kennedy, however, regarded the system as being extravagent.

In December 1855 a conflict between the Governor and the Board resulted in the resignation of nearly all Board members. A new Board was appointed by the Governor and a number of new policies implemented. Most notably, the General Board of Education became an adjunct of the Colonial Secretary's office and the Colonial Secretary became Board chairman. A new fee structure was introduced in which fees were paid directly to the Board, rather than to schoolmasters. A curriculum modelled on the Irish National School System was introduced and the subsidy to Roman Catholic schools was withdrawn. The withdrawl of support for Roman Catholic schools caused divisions within the colony and the issue remained contentious until Governor Weld restored subsidies through the Elementary Education Act of 1871. Under the new legislation, the General Board of Education was replaced by a body known as the Central Board of Education.

Places

Functions, occupations and activities

Mandates/sources of authority

Abolition: The Elementary Education Act 1871

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

Relationships area

Related entity

AU WA A1203 - DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING (2003-02-03 -)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A1203

Category of the relationship

Succeeding

Dates of the relationship

1847-08-31 - 1871-08-17

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A25 - CENTRAL BOARD OF EDUCATION (1871-08-18 - 1893-10-12)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A25

Category of the relationship

Succeeding

Dates of the relationship

1847-08-31 - 1871-08-17

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A12 - EDUCATION DEPARTMENT (1893-10-13 - 1988-07-01)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A12

Category of the relationship

Succeeding

Dates of the relationship

1847-08-31 - 1871-08-17

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A13 - MINISTRY OF EDUCATION (1988-07-01 - 1994-01-01)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A13

Category of the relationship

Succeeding

Dates of the relationship

1847-01-01 - 1871-01-01

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A725 - EDUCATION DEPARTMENT OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA (1994-01-01 - 2003-02-03)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A725

Category of the relationship

Succeeding

Dates of the relationship

1847-01-01 - 1871-12-31

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A13 - MINISTRY OF EDUCATION (1988-07-01 - 1994-01-01)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A13

Category of the relationship

Succeeding

Dates of the relationship

1988-01-01 - 1899-12-30

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A12 - EDUCATION DEPARTMENT (1893-10-13 - 1988-07-01)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A12

Category of the relationship

Succeeding

Dates of the relationship

1893-10-13 - 1988-01-01

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A25 - CENTRAL BOARD OF EDUCATION (1871-08-18 - 1893-10-12)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A25

Category of the relationship

Succeeding

Dates of the relationship

1871-08-18 - 1893-10-12

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A1290 - BUSSELTON PRIMARY SCHOOL (1848-02-01 -)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A1290

Category of the relationship

Superior

Dates of the relationship

1848-02-01 - 1871-08-17

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A569 - FREMANTLE BOYS SCHOOL (1848-01-01 - 1955-12-31)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A569

Category of the relationship

Superior

Dates of the relationship

1848-01-01 - 1871-12-31

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A1506 - PICTON PRIMARY SCHOOL (1861-01-01 -)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A1506

Category of the relationship

Superior

Dates of the relationship

-

Description of relationship

Related function

Related unit of description

Series S712 - CORRESPONDENCE - OUTWARD

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1847-09-01 - 1871-01-01

Related unit of description

Series S582 - MINUTES

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1847-08-31 - 1871-01-01

Related unit of description

Series S583 - INDEXES - CORRESPONDENCE - OUTWARD

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1847-01-01 - 1871-01-01

Control area

Rules and/or conventions used

Status

Final

Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Sources

Archivist's notes

References: D H Rankin History of the Development of Education in Western Australian 1829 - 1923 (1926) [370.9941RAN]. W D Neal, ed, Education in Western Australia (1979) [370.9941EDU]. John K Ewers. "Governor Kennedy and the Board of Education" Early Days: Journal of the Western Australian Historical Society, III, 9 (1947), 10-17