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The function of land and resource management includes the administration of crown land and the process of alienation, including surveying, mapping, and the preparation of leases and titles. The function also includes the zoning of land for a variety of purposes (residential, commercial, agricultural, mining, native title, parks and gardens, etc.) and the siting of major projects.
The term also covers the management of resources such as water, soil and forests with the aim of ensuring that exploitation and use are balanced by policies and practices aimed at sustaining and preserving the resource for future generations.