State Records Office of WA SROWA

Government of Western Australia, Department for Culture and the Arts.

AU WA A1200 - ABORIGINES PROTECTION BOARD

Identity area

Type of entity

Corporate body

Legal Status Text

Statutory Authority

Authorized form of name

ABORIGINES PROTECTION BOARD

Other form(s) of name

Description identifier

AU WA A1200

Description area

Dates of existence

1886-01-01 - 1898-04-01

History

In 1886, following the recommendation of a Select Committee, the administration of Aboriginal affairs was removed from the Colonial Secretary and entrusted to the Aborigines Protection Board, consisting of five members and a secretary, all of whom were nominated by the Governor without the advice or consent of the Executive Council. The establishment of the Board, although an important step, was in no way a radical departure from the existing administrative set-up and was brought about primarily by the increased pressure of business in the office of the Colonial Secretary. The Governor, and ultimately the Colonial Office (United Kingdom), remained responsible for matters of policy.

During the negotiations which led to the grant of responsible government in 1890, the Colonial Office insisted that the control of the Aboriginal people in Western Australia remained vested in the Governor even after the granting of self-government. Consequently, the Constitution Act of 1889 provided that the Aborigines Protection Board, rather than a government department under a Minister of the Crown, should remain responsible for the care of Aboriginal people and stipulated that the sum of 5, 000 pounds or 1% of gross revenue (should revenue exceed 500, 000 pounds per annum) be annually appropriated to the welfare of the Aboriginal population. It was also declared at the same time that the Governor, in directing the Board, should act independantly of his constitutional advisors.

These provisions, not unnaturally, resulted in friction between the Colonial Office and the Western Australian government, which objected to having to provide funds over which it had no control and regarded the continued existence of the Board as inconsistent with the spirit of self-government. Moreover, the Board had to rely on the executive for the carrying out of its orders and would be powerless to act should the government decide to block any of its decisions. The controversy, which was first brought into the open in 1891, lasted for almost six years and was finally resolved when complete control of Aboriginal affairs was passed to the government of Western Australia.

Places

Functions, occupations and activities

Mandates/sources of authority

Creation: An Act to provide for the better protection and management of the Aboriginal natives of Western Australia, and to amend the law relating to certain contracts with such Aboriginal natives (statute 25/1886);

An Act to provide certain matters connected with the Aborigines (statute 24/1889) (to be read in conjunction with the 1889 Constitution Act).

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

Relationships area

Related entity

AU WA A1202 - DEPARTMENT OF INDIGENOUS AFFAIRS (2001-07-01 - 2013-05-16)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A1202

Category of the relationship

Succeeding

Dates of the relationship

2001-07-01 -

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A797 - ABORIGINAL AFFAIRS DEPARTMENT (1994-11-01 - 2001-06-30)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A797

Category of the relationship

Succeeding

Dates of the relationship

1994-11-01 -

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A49 - ABORIGINAL AFFAIRS PLANNING AUTHORITY (1972-06-16 - 1994-10-31)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A49

Category of the relationship

Succeeding

Dates of the relationship

1972-01-01 -

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A48 - DEPARTMENT OF NATIVE WELFARE (1955-01-01 - 1972-06-16)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A48

Category of the relationship

Succeeding

Dates of the relationship

1955-01-01 -

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A47 - DEPARTMENT OF NATIVE AFFAIRS (1936-01-01 - 1954-12-31)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A47

Category of the relationship

Succeeding

Dates of the relationship

1936-01-01 -

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A63 - ABORIGINES DEPARTMENT [2] (1926-01-01 - 1936-01-01)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A63

Category of the relationship

Succeeding

Dates of the relationship

1926-01-01 -

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A65 - FISHERIES DEPARTMENT [2] (1920-01-01 - 1964-09-01)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A65

Category of the relationship

Succeeding

Dates of the relationship

1920-01-01 -

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A64 - DEPARTMENT OF THE NORTH WEST [1] (1920-01-01 - 1926-01-01)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A64

Category of the relationship

Succeeding

Dates of the relationship

1920-01-01 -

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A66 - DEPARTMENT OF ABORIGINES AND FISHERIES (1909-01-01 - 1920-01-01)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A66

Category of the relationship

Succeeding

Dates of the relationship

1909-01-01 -

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A67 - ABORIGINES DEPARTMENT [1] (1898-04-01 - 1908-12-31)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A67

Category of the relationship

Succeeding

Dates of the relationship

1898-04-01 -

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A617 - GOVERNOR'S ESTABLISHMENT (1828-12-30 -)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A617

Category of the relationship

Superior

Dates of the relationship

1886-01-01 - 1898-04-01

Description of relationship

Related unit of description

Series S3000 - MINUTES

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1887-01-01 - 1898-04-01

Related unit of description

Series S3020 - CORRESPONDENCE (GRIBBLE CASE)

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1886-01-01 - 1887-06-30

Related unit of description

Series S3021 - NEWSPAPER CUTTINGS (GRIBBLE CASE)

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1884-01-01 - 1887-12-31

Related unit of description

Series S3022 - PAMPHLET (GRIBBLE CASE)

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1886-01-01 - 1886-01-01

Related unit of description

Series S3023 - STATEMENTS (GRIBBLE CASE)

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1886-09-03 - 1886-09-03

Related unit of description

Series S3025 - REPORTS/STATEMENTS (CLARKSON CASE)

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1875-01-01 - 1882-12-31

Related unit of description

Series S3026 - CORRESPONDENCE - GENERAL

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1886-01-01 - 1898-04-01

Related unit of description

Series S3027 - REPORTS

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1886-01-01 - 1898-04-01

Related unit of description

Series S3048 - MEMORANDA (ROUGH MINUTE BOOK)

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1892-03-10 -

Control area

Rules and/or conventions used

Status

Final

Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Sources

Archivist's notes