State Records Office of WA SROWA

Government of Western Australia, Department for Culture and the Arts.

AU WA A543 - CLAREMONT MENTAL HOSPITAL

Identity area

Type of entity

Corporate body

Legal Status Text

Hospital

Authorized form of name

CLAREMONT MENTAL HOSPITAL

Other form(s) of name

Description identifier

AU WA A543

Description area

Dates of existence

1903-08-01 - 1972

History

In 1901, a Parliamentary Select Committee was appointed to inquire into the mental health system in Western Australia. The Committee found that Fremantle Asylum was inadequate in many respects and recommended it be closed. As a result, a new mental health facility in Claremont - Claremont Hospital for the Insane - was established. In 1903, Government Reserve H8636 (394 acres) was set aside for this purpose.

By August 1903, temporary buildings had been established on the site and some initial patients transferred. Female patients remained at the Fremantle Asylum until 1908, after which they were transferred to Claremont.

The Claremont facility was Western Australia’s principal mental hospital until its closure in 1972.

It housed the majority of the State’s mental patients, both male and female adults (in separate wings) and children. Admission was by certification under the Lunacy Act 1903 or the Inebriates Act 1912, although ‘voluntary boarders’ were also admitted for limited periods of time. In the absence of community facilities, most patients were long-term.

Patients were admitted for a wide range of physical as well as mental disorders, including developmental disability, old age, alcoholism and serious infectious diseases that caused delirium. War veterans with psychiatric injuries were also housed in Claremont until separate facilities were built, including Stromness (1918-1926) and Lemnos Hospitals (1926-1995).

The hospital operated a small farm within its premises and registers of herds and farm produce are included in the records held by the State Records Office.

In 1933 the Hospital’s name was changed to Claremont Mental Hospital, and then in 1967 to Claremont Hospital. In 1972, the Hospital was closed and divided into two separate campuses: Swanbourne Hospital for psychogeriatric patients and adults with developmental disabilities, and Graylands Hospital for acute psychiatric patients.

Places

Functions, occupations and activities

Mandates/sources of authority

Creation: Lunacy Act 1903

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

Relationships area

Related entity

AU WA A660 - FREMANTLE ASYLUM (1865-07-01 - 1909-12-31)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A660

Category of the relationship

Preceding

Dates of the relationship

-

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A1540 - BOARD OF VISITORS - CLAREMONT MENTAL HOSPITAL (1921-01-11 - 1993-12-31)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A1540

Category of the relationship

Related

Dates of the relationship

1921-01-11 - 1993-12-31

Description of relationship

Related entity

AU WA A1223 - WHITBY FALLS HOSPITAL (1897-01-01 - 1972-01-01)

Identifier of the related entity

AU WA A1223

Category of the relationship

Related

Dates of the relationship

1903-01-01 - 1972-01-01

Description of relationship

Related function

Related unit of description

Series S4496 - PATIENT ADDRESS BOOK

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1904-03-29 -

Related unit of description

Series S4497 - CASE BOOKS - MALE PATIENTS

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1903-08-18 -

Related unit of description

Series S4498 - CASE BOOKS - FEMALE PATIENTS

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1908-05-11 -

Related unit of description

Series S4499 - MEDICAL JOURNALS

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1936-03-04 -

Related unit of description

Series S4500 - REGISTERS - PATIENT ADMISSIONS

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1903-08-18 -

Related unit of description

Series S4501 - REGISTERS - PATIENT REMOVALS, DISCHARGES AND DEATHS

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1904-05-27 -

Related unit of description

Series S4503 - REGISTERS - INEBRIATES

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1905-05-04 -

Related unit of description

Series S4504 - VISITORS BOOKS

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1904-03-31 -

Related unit of description

Series S4505 - TIME BOOKS

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1929-01-01 -

Related unit of description

Series S4506 - INDEXES - DISCHARGE REGISTERS

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1904-05-27 -

Related unit of description

Series S1771 - ATTENDANTS REPORT BOOKS

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1904-10-15 -

Related unit of description

Series S2032 - FARM RETURN REGISTERS

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1904-01-01 - 1917-12-31

Related unit of description

Series S4397 - PATIENT ADMISSION FORMS

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

-

Related unit of description

Series S2368 - LETTERBOOK - CATTLE SALES

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

1919-01-11 - 1920-07-31

Related unit of description

Series S2371 - FARM HERD REGISTERS

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

-

Related unit of description

Series S4864 - FARM RECORDS - CLAREMONT MENTAL HOSPITAL

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

Related unit of description

Series S4865 - PHOTOGRAPHS

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

Related unit of description

Series S4866 - STAFF RECORDS - MENTAL HOSPITALS

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

Related unit of description

Series S4867 - VARIOUS RECORDS - MENTAL HEALTH HOSPITALS

Role

Creation

Description of relationship

Dates of relationship

Control area

Rules and/or conventions used

Status

Final

Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Sources

Archivist's notes